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80+ essential skills Questions you will see in NTC Licensure examination 2021

2021 essential skills Questions: Here are 80+ sample questions on NTC Licensure essential skills examination. The correct answers are highlighted, Go through them to have a fair idea about the questions as you might see some of them in the exams

2021 essential skills Questions

2021 essential skills Questions

  1. It is popularly said that any two students are not alike. This implies that they differ in their
    (a) Physical and mental set up
    (b) Aptitude
    (c) Social status
    (d) Attitude
    True Answer : Physical and mental set up
  2. Which is an application of cognitive approach to motivation?
    (a) Explain the reasons for studying the topic
    (b) Create a supportive classroom climate for students
    (c) Provide clear and prompt feedback onassignments
    (d) Begin lessons with challenging questionsand conflicting events
    True Answer : Explain the reasons for studying the topic
  3. Mr. Oti, a physical education teacher, demonstrates the new skill to be learned so that his students can watch him and later reproduce the skill. What learning theory is associated with the situation?
    (a) Dual-Coding Learning Theory
    (b) Information Processing Theory
    (c) Schema Learning Theory
    (d) Social Learning
    True Answer : Social Learning
  4. The lowest level of Taxonomy of
    Educational Objectives of Cognitive
    Domain given by Bloom is
    (a) Knowledge
    (b) Comprehension
    (c) Application
    (d) Analysis
    True Answer : Knowledge
  5. Instructional Objectives are useful to
    (a) Teachers
    (b) Students
    (c) Question paper setters
    (d) All the given alternatives
    True Answer : All the given alternatives
  6. Rita easily remember dates and events in history. What component of long term memory (LTM) does Rita have?
    (a) Creative thinking
    (b) Critical thinking
    (c) Reflective thinking
    (d) Logical thinking
    True Answer : Reflective thinking
  7. The most important function of a teacher is to
    (a) Facilitate learning

manage instructional resources
(c) coordinate curricular activities
(d) provide information
True Answer : Facilitate learning

2021 essential skills Questions

  1. Which of the following best describes what meaningful learning is?
    (a) When what is to be learned is new and easyfor the students
    (b) Materials presented are difficult andchallenging to the students
    (c) When the materials to be learned is relatedto what students already know
    (d) Students find the lessons easy and relevant to what was assigned to them
    True Answer : When the materials to be learned is related to what students already know
  2. The objectives of a Curriculum are to be stated in terms of
    (a) Students entering behaviour
    Students terminal behaviour
    (c) Teachers behaviour
    (d) Learning process
    True Answer : Students terminal behaviour
  3. Miss Rita is an excellent Physical Education teacher. She started teaching volleyball to her Grade 2 class. Despite all her efforts, her class does not seem to learn how to play the game.
    What law of learning was disregarded?
    (a) Law of Disuse
    (b) Law of Effect
    (c) Law of Exercis
    (d) Law of Readiness
    True Answer : Law of Readiness
  4. Which of the following best describes what meaningful learning is?
    (a) When what is to be learned is new and easyfor the students
    Materials presented are difficult andchallenging to the students
    (c) When the materials to be learned is relatedto what students already know
    (d) Students find the lessons easy and relevant to what was assigned to them
    True Answer : When the materials to be learned is related to what students already know
  5. Ms. Erika in her Biology class accompanies her discussion with interesting visual aids. She strongly believes that students learn better when lessons are presented with images, real or imagined aside from mere lecture method.
    Which learning theory does she upholds?
    (a) Dual-Coding Theory
    (b) Information Processing Theory
    (c) Meaningful Reception Learning Theory
    (d) Social Cognitive Theory
    True Answer : Dual-Coding Theory
  6. Which of the following is not a type of the learned motives?
    (a) Reflexes
    (b) Habits
    (c) Attitude(d) Interest
    True Answer : Reflexes
  7. Patricia is always fearful of freely roaming dogs but does not mind dogs in a pen or on a leash. What feature of classical conditioning is exhibited? (a) Discrimination
    (b) Extinction
    (c) Generalization
    (d) Practice
    True Answer : Discrimination
  8. An Earth Science teacher has just completed a unit on the sun. As she recognizes her next unit on other stars, she uses the sun as a frame of reference. What view of learning was used?
    (a) Discovery learning
    (b) Informative learning
    (c) Meaningful learning
    (d) Transfer learning
    True Answer : Meaningful learning
  9. Which is an application of cognitive approach to motivation?
    (a) Explain the reasons for studying the topic
    (b) Create a supportive classroom climate for students
    (c) Provide clear and prompt feedback onassignments
    (d) Begin lessons with challenging questionsand conflicting events
    True Answer : Explain the reasons for studying the topic
  10. Of the following learning theories, the one that embodies the idea that the
    learning takes place through insight is known as
    (a) Gestalt
    (b) Stimulus-Response
    (c) Connectionist
    (d) Pragmatic
    True Answer : Gestalt
  11. The lowest level of Taxonomy of
    Educational Objectives of Cognitive
    Domain given by Bloom is
    (a) Knowledge
    (b) Comprehension
    (c) Application
    (d) Analysis
    True Answer : Knowledge
  12. In which lesson does a general rule is explained first and then examples are illustrated?
    (a) Deductive lesson (b) Inductive lesson
    (c) Cognitive lesson
    (d) Skill lesson

True Answer : Deductive lesson

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2021 essential skills Questions

  1. The objectives of a Curriculum are to be stated in terms of
    (a) Students entering behaviour
    (b) Students terminal behaviour
    (c) Teachers behaviour
    (d) Learning process
    True Answer : Students terminal behaviour
  2. Mr Fiifi wants to use alternative methods of assessment. Which of the following will he not likely use?
    (a) Multiple Choice Test
    (b) Reflective Journal Writing
    (c) Oral Presentation
    (d) Developing Portfolios
    True Answer : Multiple Choice Test
  3. The minimum number of years for a newly qualified teacher to posses a provisional teacher’s license is
    (a) 1 year
    (b) 2 years
    (c) 3 years
    (d) 4 years
    True Answer : 3 years
  4. The choice of the appropriate format to use in constructing a test is influenced by the
    (a) skills in writing different types of items
    (b) intelligence level of the students
    (c) content that has been taught
    (d) availability of specification table
    True Answer : skills in writing different types of items
  5. Asamoah is fascinated by his daughter’s excitement and determination to learn new things. Thus, he is concerned with her development in which domain?
    (a) Physical
    (b) Socioemotional
    (c) Cognitive
    (d) Sociocultural
    True Answer : Socioemotional
  6. For classroom teachers, core points are mainly written in a lesson plan to ensured that
    (a) Pupils can get notes to write at the end ofthe lesson
    (b) The main ideas of the lesson are broughtout
    (c) The pupils pay attention during instructions
    (d) All the given alternatives
    True Answer : The main ideas of the lesson are brought out
  7. All the following are the reasons for introduction of the Teacher Licensing Policy in Ghana except.
    (a) To eliminate non-performing teachers
    (b) To reduce teacher in-take
    (c) To professionalize teaching
    (d) To enforce discipline
    True Answer : To reduce teacher in-take
  8. Psychologists study the development of individuals across several domains. Which of the following is not one of the domains studied?
    (a) Physical
    (b) Socioemotional
    (c) Cognitive
    (d) Psychodynamic
    True Answer : Psychodynamic
  9. Which of the following operates on the “stimulus-response principle”, which means all behaviours are caused by external stimuli?
    (a) Contextual theory
    (b) Behaviourist theory
    (c) Cognitive theory
    (d) Constructivist theory
    True Answer : Behaviourist theory
  10. Under what criterion is the question, ” is this the best way to test for the desired knowledge and skills? ” considered when evaluating a test?
    (a) Practicality
    (b) Clarity
    (c) Fairness
    (d) Efficiency
    True Answer : Efficiency
  11. Which of the following bodies or institutions is responsible for licensing teachers in Ghana?
    (a) Teacher Education Division
    (b) Ghana Education Service
    (c) National Teaching Council
    (d) National Teachers Council
    True Answer : National Teaching Council 31. Which of the following are the major components of guidance program in schools?
    (a) Educational, vocational, personal, social
    (b) Educational, vocational, counselling
    (c) Educational, vocational, psychological
    (d) Vocational, social, relationship
    True Answer : Educational, vocational, personal, social
  12. The evaluation approach that measures students actual performance and compares it with the objectives of instruction is called..
    (a) Criterion-referenced evaluation
    (b) Democratic evaluation
    (c) Norm-referenced evaluation
    (d) Bureaucratic evaluation
    True Answer : Criterion-referenced evaluation
  13. In designing instruction for your class, you must assume that instruction is aimed at the…..
    (a) Individual and not the group
    (b) Group and not the individual
    (c) Academically weak students
    (d) Academically intelligent students
    True Answer : Individual and not the group
  14. Information may be able to obtain permanence in the memory of pupils when there is a strong activity of the…
    (a) Long term memory
    (b) Sensory memory
    (c) Concrete memory
    (d) Working memory
    True Answer : Long term memory
  15. Which of the following has no relation to the behaviorist approach to learning?
    (a) Common law applies to humans and animals
    (b) The process of learning is call conditioning
    (c) Humans and animals have similarneurophysiological features
    (d) Learning requires active mental process
    True Answer : Learning requires active mental process
  16. Which of the following serve as agents to the curriculum implementation process
    (a) Learners
    (b) Doctors
    (c) Ministry of Education
    (d) Teachers
    True Answer : Teachers
  17. In planning your lesson, it is always important that you start with..
    (a) Anticipatory set
    (b) Modelling
    (c) Objective and purpose
    (d) Guided practice
    True Answer : Objective and purpose
  18. For school environment to have a good/healthy climate, the teacher must….
    (a) Be strict and unapproachable
    (b) Have concern for general well-being ofpupils
    (c) Have a strong sense of commitment andmorality (d) Be firm and fair in managing his/her class
    True Answer : Be firm and fair in managing his/her class
  19. Which of the following is NOT a major focus of educational principles of prominent educational theories
    (a) Learning must be gradual, cumulative andprogressive
    (b) Instruction must be presented according tothe stages of readiness of pupil
    (c) Pupils must be coerced and forced to learn
    (d) (d) Instruction and learning must follow the order of nature
    True Answer : Pupils must be coerced and forced to learn
  20. A 3-year old pupil in your class who calls a cat a lion and a hen, a vulture may be identified as..
    (a) Preoperational child with the ability toclassify
    (b) Preoperational child with transductivereasoning
    (c) Preoperational child with concrete
    reasoning
    (d) Formal operational child
    True Answer : Preoperational child with transductive reasoning
  21. Which of the following is the most appropriate research to conduct as a teacher to improve on your professional practice in the classroom?
    (a) Basic research
    (b) Historic research
    (c) Action research
    (d) Exploratory research
    True Answer : Action research
  22. Which of the following influenced the military training requirements among students in the secondary and tertiary levels?
    (a) Chinese
    (b) Greeks
    (c) Presbyterians
    (d) Romans
    True Answer : Romans
  23. Students are more likely to remain focused on goals and persist despite setbacks when they develop a perception that..
    (a) Skills continue to emerge as the individualgrows
    (b) Ability can be developed and success isrelated to effort
    (c) learning is a series of small achievements
    (d) (d) assessment is ongoing and peers are achieving at similar levels
    True Answer : Ability can be developed and success is related to effort
  24. The Department of Education gives greater emphasis on the development of basic skills.
    What is the philosophical basis for this?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) Perennialism
    (d) Pragmatism
    True Answer : Essentialism
  25. When administering standardized test for JHS students, the teacher may assist students in which of the following ways?
    (a) Reading several sample items for clarity
    (b) Repeating the scripted directions exactly
    (c) Restating the scripted directions using simple language
    (d) reviewing content using the sample item as a model
    True Answer : Repeating the scripted directions exactly
  26. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so much significance on values development and discipline. What could be her educational philosophy?
    (a) Idealism
    (b) Progressivism
    (c) Pragmatism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Idealism
  27. Which of the following factors in an elementary classroom is likely to contribute most to a loss of instructional time?
    (a) Limited use of assigned seating
    (b) Ineffective transition routines
    (c) Unappealing or worn materials
    (d) Inadequate technological resources
    True Answer : Ineffective transition routines
  28. A teacher views his students as unique, freechoosing and responsible individuals. All classroom activities revolve around the said premise. What theory underlies this?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) (c) Progressivism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Existentialism
  29. A teacher demonstrated the technique on how to group students according to their needs and interests and how to use self-paced instructional materials. Which philosophy is manifested in this activity
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Progressivism
    (c) Realism
    (d) Social Reconstructionism
    True Answer : Progressivism
  30. The Progressivists emphasized the individuality of the child. What is the concern of the reconstructionists?
    (a) Experiential learning
    (b) Socialization
    (c) Social problem
    (d) Personal problems
    True Answer : Social problem
  31. Every first day of the school year, Miss Abrefa prepared activities which will make her primary 2 children, sing, plan, learn and introduce themselves to the class. What process did she emphasize?
    (a) Acculturation (b) Enculturation
    (c) Indoctrination
    (d) Socialization
    True Answer : Socialization
  32. According to reconstructionism, the goal of education is to bring about a new social order.
    Which practice best manifests this view?
    (a) The class conducts scientific experiments toverify concepts
    (b) The class discusses role models and theirimpact on society
    (c) The class allowed to engage in divergentthinking
    (d) The class undertakes well-planned projectsin the community
    True Answer : The class undertakes wellplanned projects in the community
  33. Which philosophy approves a teacher who lectures most of the time and requires his students to memorize the rules of grammar?
    (a) Existentialism
    (b) Idealism
    (c) Pragmatism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Idealism
  34. Why should a teacher take the obligation upon himself to study and understand the custom and traditions of the community where he works?
    (a) To change the culture of the community
    (b) To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of the community
    (c) To identify the weaknesses of the cultureof the community
    (d) To please the people of the community True Answer : To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of the community
  35. What philosophy is related to the practice of schools acting as laboratory for teaching reforms and experimentation?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) (c) Progressivism
    (d) Social Reconstructionism
    True Answer : Progressivism
  36. Which of the following is not a function of the school?
    (a) Changing cultural practices
    (b) Development of attitudes and skills
    (c) Reproduction of species
    (d) Socialization among children
    True Answer : Reproduction of species
  37. A teacher who is a recognized expert in carpentry works, taught his students how to prepare and construct good and aesthetic furniture from local resources. What cultural transmission process is this?
    (a) Acculturation (b) Enculturation
    (c) Indoctrination
    (d) Observation
    True Answer : Enculturation
  38. A teacher who believes in the progressivist theory of education would embrace certain reforms on methodology. Which reform would be consistent with this theory?
    (a) Active participation of teachers
    (b) Formal instructional pattern
    (c) Strict external discipline
    (d) Teacher domination of class activities
    True Answer : Active participation of teachers
  39. Activities planned by school clubs/ organizations show school-community connection geared towards society’s needs.
    What philosophy is related to this?
    (a) Existentialism
    (b) Progressivism
    (c) Realism
    (d) Social Reconstructionism
    True Answer : Social Reconstructionism
  40. In a school, the pupils were asked which nationality they would prefer if given a choice. Majority of the pupils wanted to be Americans. In this case, in which obligation relative to the state are the schools seemed to be failing?
    (a) Instill allegiance to the constitutionalauthorities
    (b) Promote national pride
    (c) Promote obedience to the laws of the state
    (d) Respect for all duly constituted authorities
    True Answer : Promote national pride
  41. Which of the following is the main function of the philosophy of education?
    (a) Reconsider existing educational goals in thelight of society’s needs
    (b) Provide the academic background prerequisite to learning
    (c) Define the goals and set the direction forwhich education is to strive
    (d) Aid the learner to build his own personalphilosophy
    True Answer : Define the goals and set the direction for which education is to strive
  42. What philosophy of education advocates that the curriculum should only include universal and unchanging truths?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Idealism
    (c) Perennialism
    (d) Pragmatism
    True Answer : Perennialism
  43. ” The greatest happiness lie in the contemplative use of mind”, said Plato. Which of the following activities adheres to this?
    (a) Cooperative learning
    (b) Introspection
    (c) Role Playing
    (d) Social Interaction
    True Answer : Introspection
  44. Which of the statements below best describes development
    (a) A student’s height increased by 5’2″ to 5’4″
    (b) A student’s change in weight from 110lbs to 125lbs
    (c) A student had learned to operate thecomputer
    (d) A student’s enlargement of hips
    True Answer : A student had learned to operate the computer
  45. Which of the following situation manifests a balance between teachers responsibility and accountability?
    (a) She entertains her students with personalstories until the end of the period
    (b) She spends most of the time on the latestgossips in showbiz
    (c) She teaches as much as she could forduration of the period
    (d) She teaches as well as entertains thestudents with her personal stories
    True Answer : She teaches as much as she could for duration of the period
  46. Which philosophy of education influence the singing of the National Anthem in schools?
    (a) Nationalism (b) Naturalism
    (c) Pragmatism
    (d) Socialism
    True Answer : Nationalism
  47. Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention, regular homework, and respect for legitimate authority?
    (a) Essentialist
    (b) Progressivist
    (c) Realist
    (d) Reconstructionist
    True Answer : Essentialist
  48. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are ever changing and so teaches you the skill to cope with the changes. Which of the following is his governing philosophy?
    (a) Experimentalism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) Idealism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Experimentalism
  49. Homeroom advisers always emphasize the importance of cleanliness of the body. Children are taught how to wash their hands before and after eating. What is this practice called?
    (a) Folkway
    (b) Laws
    (c) Mores
    (d) Social norm
    True Answer : Social norm
  50. Dr. Aboagye, the school physician conducted a physical examination in Ms. Felicia’s class. What concept best describes the quantitative increase observed by Dr. Aboagye among the pupils in terms of height and weight?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Growth
  51. Madam Agnes, now 69 years old has been observing changes in herself such as the aging process. Which term refers to the development change in her?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Maturation
  52. Which of the following theories can help Miss Enyonam determine the readiness of her learners by administering a readiness test?
    (a) Conditioning Theory
    (b) Cognitive Development Theory
    (c) Maturation Theory
    (d) Ethological Theory
    True Answer : Maturation Theory
  53. Manuel, a five-year old boy can hold his pen and write his name with his right hand. Which term describes Manuel’s behavior?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Development
  54. Opoku develops an integral and coherent sense of self. He seeks answers to the question: “Who am I”?. Which of the following is Opoku likely to develop?
    (a) Initiative
    (b) Identity and Role Confusion
    (c) Intimacy
    (d) Autonomy
    True Answer : Identity and Role Confusion
  55. A newborn infant move his whole body at once, instead of moving a part of it.
    Which of the following principles is illustrated by the behavior?
    (a) Development proceeds from specific togeneral
    (b) Development proceeds from general tospecific
    (c) Development follows an orderly pattern
    (d) Development follows a general patternTrue Answer : Development proceeds from general to specific
  56. Angela focuses her attention on the school work and vigorous play that consume most of her physical energy. Which stage of psycho-sexual theory illustrates her behavior?
    (a) Oral
    (b) Anal
    (c) Phallic
    (d) Latency
    True Answer : Latency
  57. Which of the following is likely to be developed if infants are shown genuine affection?
    (a) Trust
    (b) Autonomy
    (c) Initiative
    (d) Industry
    True Answer : Trust
  58. What concept can best describes Kofi’s ability to walk without a support at the age of 12 months because of the “internal ripening” that occurred in
    his muscles, bones and nervous system development?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Maturation
  59. Who presented the notion that certain behavior like thumb-sucking is normal among infants?
    (a) Sigmund Freud
    (b) Erick Ericson
    (c) John Bowlly
    (d) Urie Bronfrenbenner
    True Answer : Sigmund Freud
  60. Which state of the psycho-sexual theory does young boys experience rivalry with their father for their mother’s attention and affection?
    (a) Oral
    (b) Anal
    (c) Phallic
    (d) Latency
    True Answer : Phallic
  61. What do you call the quantitative increase in terms of height and weight during physical examination of the students?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Growth
  62. Ms. Okai uses images and language to represent and understand her various lessons to preschool learners. What stage in the cognitive theory of development explains this?
    (a) Sensorimotor
    (b) Preoperational
    (c) Concrete operational
    (d) Formal operational
    True Answer : Preoperational
  63. What level has a four year old learner like Doris reached when she acquired new skills such as putting the same shapes and the same colors together?
    (a) Development
    (b) Maturation
    (c) Zone of Proximal Development
    (d) Learning
    True Answer : Zone of Proximal Development
  64. Which of the following is the correct order of psycho-sexual stages proposed by Sigmund Freud?
    (a) Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
    (b) Anal, oral, phallic, latency, genital (c) Oral, anal, genital, latency, phallic
    (d) Anal, oral, genital, latency. phallic
    True Answer : Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
  65. Ama believes that authority is respected. She is now in what particular level in moral development theory of Lawrence Kholberg?
    (a) Social contract
    (b) Law and order orientation
    (c) Interpersonal concordance
    (d) Universal ethics orientation
    True Answer : Social contract
  66. In Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, which of the following statements would illustrate Edward who is 11 years old?
    (a) Able to see relationships and to reason inthe abstract
    (b) Unable to breakdown a whole into separateparts
    (c) Differentiates goals and goal-directedactivities
    (d) Experiments with methods to reach goals
    True Answer : Able to see relationships and to reason in the abstract
  67. Teresa gets jealous whenever she sees her father showing love and affection to her mother. Which of the following is she showing according to Freud?
    (a) Complex
    (b) Phallic
    (c) Electra Complex
    (d) Oedipus Complex
    True Answer : Electra Complex
  68. Mrs. Gomez conducts research on the psycho-social domain of development. In what particular area of the child’s development is Mrs.
    Gomez most likely to be interested with?
    (a) Perceptual abilities
    (b) Brain-wave patterns
    (c) Emotions
    (d) Use of language
    True Answer : Emotions
  69. Connie develops concepts necessary for everyday living, builds healthy attitudes towards oneself, and achieve personal independence. These are among the attributes of an individual in what particular stage?
    (a) Infancy and early childhood
    (b) Middle childhood
    (c) Adolescence
    (d) Early adulthood
    True Answer : Middle childhood
  70. Hyperactivity are considered problematic. How may a teacher help a child who is hyperactive?
    (a) Make him the leader of the class
    (b) Transfer him to another class
    (c) Give him challenging activies that areappropriate to his ability level
    (d) Allow him to spend longer at the playground
    True Answer : Give him challenging activies that are appropriate to his ability level
  71. Ms. Erika in her Biology class accompanies her discussion with interesting visual aids. She strongly believes that students learn better when lessons are presented with images, real or imagined aside from mere lecture method.
    Which learning theory does she upholds?
    (a) Dual-Coding Theory
    (b) Information Processing Theory
    (c) Meaningful Reception Learning Theory2021 essential skills QuestionsThe objectives of a Curriculum are to be stated in terms of
    (a) Students entering behaviour
    (b) Students terminal behaviour
    (c) Teachers behaviour
    (d) Learning process
    True Answer : Students terminal behaviour
  72. Mr Fiifi wants to use alternative methods of assessment. Which of the following will he not likely use?
    (a) Multiple Choice Test
    (b) Reflective Journal Writing
    (c) Oral Presentation
    (d) Developing Portfolios
    True Answer : Multiple Choice Test
  73. The minimum number of years for a newly qualified teacher to posses a provisional teacher’s license is
    (a) 1 year
    (b) 2 years
    (c) 3 years
    (d) 4 years
    True Answer : 3 years
  74. The choice of the appropriate format to use in constructing a test is influenced by the
    (a) skills in writing different types of items
    (b) intelligence level of the students
    (c) content that has been taught
    (d) availability of specification table
    True Answer : skills in writing different types of items
  75. Asamoah is fascinated by his daughter’s excitement and determination to learn new things. Thus, he is concerned with her development in which domain?
    (a) Physical
    (b) Socioemotional
    (c) Cognitive
    (d) Sociocultural
    True Answer : Socioemotional
  76. For classroom teachers, core points are mainly written in a lesson plan to ensured that
    (a) Pupils can get notes to write at the end ofthe lesson
    (b) The main ideas of the lesson are broughtout
    (c) The pupils pay attention during instructions
    (d) All the given alternatives
    True Answer : The main ideas of the lesson are brought out
  77. All the following are the reasons for introduction of the Teacher Licensing Policy in Ghana except.
    (a) To eliminate non-performing teachers
    (b) To reduce teacher in-take
    (c) To professionalize teaching
    (d) To enforce discipline
    True Answer : To reduce teacher in-take
  78. Psychologists study the development of individuals across several domains. Which of the following is not one of the domains studied?
    (a) Physical
    (b) Socioemotional
    (c) Cognitive
    (d) Psychodynamic
    True Answer : Psychodynamic
  79. Which of the following operates on the “stimulus-response principle”, which means all behaviours are caused by external stimuli?
    (a) Contextual theory
    (b) Behaviourist theory
    (c) Cognitive theory
    (d) Constructivist theory
    True Answer : Behaviourist theory
  80. Under what criterion is the question, ” is this the best way to test for the desired knowledge and skills? ” considered when evaluating a test?
    (a) Practicality
    (b) Clarity
    (c) Fairness
    (d) Efficiency
    True Answer : Efficiency
  81. Which of the following bodies or institutions is responsible for licensing teachers in Ghana?
    (a) Teacher Education Division
    (b) Ghana Education Service
    (c) National Teaching Council
    (d) National Teachers Council
    True Answer : National Teaching Council 31. Which of the following are the major components of guidance program in schools?
    (a) Educational, vocational, personal, social
    (b) Educational, vocational, counselling
    (c) Educational, vocational, psychological
    (d) Vocational, social, relationship
    True Answer : Educational, vocational, personal, social
  82. The evaluation approach that measures students actual performance and compares it with the objectives of instruction is called..
    (a) Criterion-referenced evaluation
    (b) Democratic evaluation
    (c) Norm-referenced evaluation
    (d) Bureaucratic evaluation
    True Answer : Criterion-referenced evaluation
  83. In designing instruction for your class, you must assume that instruction is aimed at the…..
    (a) Individual and not the group
    (b) Group and not the individual
    (c) Academically weak students
    (d) Academically intelligent students
    True Answer : Individual and not the group
  84. Information may be able to obtain permanence in the memory of pupils when there is a strong activity of the…
    (a) Long term memory
    (b) Sensory memory
    (c) Concrete memory
    (d) Working memory
    True Answer : Long term memory
  85. Which of the following has no relation to the behaviorist approach to learning?
    (a) Common law applies to humans and animals
    (b) The process of learning is call conditioning
    (c) Humans and animals have similarneurophysiological features
    (d) Learning requires active mental process
    True Answer : Learning requires active mental process
  86. Which of the following serve as agents to the curriculum implementation process
    (a) Learners
    (b) Doctors
    (c) Ministry of Education
    (d) Teachers
    True Answer : Teachers
  87. In planning your lesson, it is always important that you start with..
    (a) Anticipatory set
    (b) Modelling
    (c) Objective and purpose
    (d) Guided practice
    True Answer : Objective and purpose
  88. For school environment to have a good/healthy climate, the teacher must….
    (a) Be strict and unapproachable
    (b) Have concern for general well-being ofpupils
    (c) Have a strong sense of commitment andmorality (d) Be firm and fair in managing his/her class
    True Answer : Be firm and fair in managing his/her class
  89. Which of the following is NOT a major focus of educational principles of prominent educational theories
    (a) Learning must be gradual, cumulative andprogressive
    (b) Instruction must be presented according tothe stages of readiness of pupil
    (c) Pupils must be coerced and forced to learn
    (d) (d) Instruction and learning must follow the order of nature
    True Answer : Pupils must be coerced and forced to learn
  90. A 3-year old pupil in your class who calls a cat a lion and a hen, a vulture may be identified as..
    (a) Preoperational child with the ability toclassify
    (b) Preoperational child with transductivereasoning
    (c) Preoperational child with concrete
    reasoning
    (d) Formal operational child
    True Answer : Preoperational child with transductive reasoning
  91. Which of the following is the most appropriate research to conduct as a teacher to improve on your professional practice in the classroom?
    (a) Basic research
    (b) Historic research
    (c) Action research
    (d) Exploratory research
    True Answer : Action research
  92. Which of the following influenced the military training requirements among students in the secondary and tertiary levels?
    (a) Chinese
    (b) Greeks
    (c) Presbyterians
    (d) Romans
    True Answer : Romans
  93. Students are more likely to remain focused on goals and persist despite setbacks when they develop a perception that..
    (a) Skills continue to emerge as the individualgrows
    (b) Ability can be developed and success isrelated to effort
    (c) learning is a series of small achievements
    (d) (d) assessment is ongoing and peers are achieving at similar levels
    True Answer : Ability can be developed and success is related to effort
  94. The Department of Education gives greater emphasis on the development of basic skills.
    What is the philosophical basis for this?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) Perennialism
    (d) Pragmatism
    True Answer : Essentialism
  95. When administering standardized test for JHS students, the teacher may assist students in which of the following ways?
    (a) Reading several sample items for clarity
    (b) Repeating the scripted directions exactly
    (c) Restating the scripted directions using simple language
    (d) reviewing content using the sample item as a model
    True Answer : Repeating the scripted directions exactly
  96. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so much significance on values development and discipline. What could be her educational philosophy?
    (a) Idealism
    (b) Progressivism
    (c) Pragmatism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Idealism
  97. Which of the following factors in an elementary classroom is likely to contribute most to a loss of instructional time?
    (a) Limited use of assigned seating
    (b) Ineffective transition routines
    (c) Unappealing or worn materials
    (d) Inadequate technological resources
    True Answer : Ineffective transition routines
  98. A teacher views his students as unique, freechoosing and responsible individuals. All classroom activities revolve around the said premise. What theory underlies this?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) (c) Progressivism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Existentialism
  99. A teacher demonstrated the technique on how to group students according to their needs and interests and how to use self-paced instructional materials. Which philosophy is manifested in this activity
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Progressivism
    (c) Realism
    (d) Social Reconstructionism
    True Answer : Progressivism
  100. The Progressivists emphasized the individuality of the child. What is the concern of the reconstructionists?
    (a) Experiential learning
    (b) Socialization
    (c) Social problem
    (d) Personal problems
    True Answer : Social problem
  101. Every first day of the school year, Miss Abrefa prepared activities which will make her primary 2 children, sing, plan, learn and introduce themselves to the class. What process did she emphasize?
    (a) Acculturation (b) Enculturation
    (c) Indoctrination
    (d) Socialization
    True Answer : Socialization
  102. According to reconstructionism, the goal of education is to bring about a new social order.
    Which practice best manifests this view?
    (a) The class conducts scientific experiments toverify concepts
    (b) The class discusses role models and theirimpact on society
    (c) The class allowed to engage in divergentthinking
    (d) The class undertakes well-planned projectsin the community
    True Answer : The class undertakes wellplanned projects in the community
  103. Which philosophy approves a teacher who lectures most of the time and requires his students to memorize the rules of grammar?
    (a) Existentialism
    (b) Idealism
    (c) Pragmatism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Idealism
  104. Why should a teacher take the obligation upon himself to study and understand the custom and traditions of the community where he works?
    (a) To change the culture of the community
    (b) To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of the community
    (c) To identify the weaknesses of the cultureof the community
    (d) To please the people of the community True Answer : To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of the community
  105. What philosophy is related to the practice of schools acting as laboratory for teaching reforms and experimentation?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) (c) Progressivism
    (d) Social Reconstructionism
    True Answer : Progressivism
  106. Which of the following is not a function of the school?
    (a) Changing cultural practices
    (b) Development of attitudes and skills
    (c) Reproduction of species
    (d) Socialization among children
    True Answer : Reproduction of species
  107. A teacher who is a recognized expert in carpentry works, taught his students how to prepare and construct good and aesthetic furniture from local resources. What cultural transmission process is this?
    (a) Acculturation (b) Enculturation
    (c) Indoctrination
    (d) Observation
    True Answer : Enculturation
  108. A teacher who believes in the progressivist theory of education would embrace certain reforms on methodology. Which reform would be consistent with this theory?
    (a) Active participation of teachers
    (b) Formal instructional pattern
    (c) Strict external discipline
    (d) Teacher domination of class activities
    True Answer : Active participation of teachers
  109. Activities planned by school clubs/ organizations show school-community connection geared towards society’s needs.
    What philosophy is related to this?
    (a) Existentialism
    (b) Progressivism
    (c) Realism
    (d) Social Reconstructionism
    True Answer : Social Reconstructionism
  110. In a school, the pupils were asked which nationality they would prefer if given a choice. Majority of the pupils wanted to be Americans. In this case, in which obligation relative to the state are the schools seemed to be failing?
    (a) Instill allegiance to the constitutionalauthorities
    (b) Promote national pride
    (c) Promote obedience to the laws of the state
    (d) Respect for all duly constituted authorities
    True Answer : Promote national pride
  111. Which of the following is the main function of the philosophy of education?
    (a) Reconsider existing educational goals in thelight of society’s needs
    (b) Provide the academic background prerequisite to learning
    (c) Define the goals and set the direction forwhich education is to strive
    (d) Aid the learner to build his own personalphilosophy
    True Answer : Define the goals and set the direction for which education is to strive
  112. What philosophy of education advocates that the curriculum should only include universal and unchanging truths?
    (a) Essentialism
    (b) Idealism
    (c) Perennialism
    (d) Pragmatism
    True Answer : Perennialism
  113. ” The greatest happiness lie in the contemplative use of mind”, said Plato. Which of the following activities adheres to this?
    (a) Cooperative learning
    (b) Introspection
    (c) Role Playing
    (d) Social Interaction
    True Answer : Introspection
  114. Which of the statements below best describes development
    (a) A student’s height increased by 5’2″ to 5’4″
    (b) A student’s change in weight from 110lbs to 125lbs
    (c) A student had learned to operate thecomputer
    (d) A student’s enlargement of hips
    True Answer : A student had learned to operate the computer
  115. Which of the following situation manifests a balance between teachers responsibility and accountability?
    (a) She entertains her students with personalstories until the end of the period
    (b) She spends most of the time on the latestgossips in showbiz
    (c) She teaches as much as she could forduration of the period
    (d) She teaches as well as entertains thestudents with her personal stories
    True Answer : She teaches as much as she could for duration of the period
  116. Which philosophy of education influence the singing of the National Anthem in schools?
    (a) Nationalism (b) Naturalism
    (c) Pragmatism
    (d) Socialism
    True Answer : Nationalism
  117. Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention, regular homework, and respect for legitimate authority?
    (a) Essentialist
    (b) Progressivist
    (c) Realist
    (d) Reconstructionist
    True Answer : Essentialist
  118. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are ever changing and so teaches you the skill to cope with the changes. Which of the following is his governing philosophy?
    (a) Experimentalism
    (b) Existentialism
    (c) Idealism
    (d) Realism
    True Answer : Experimentalism
  119. Homeroom advisers always emphasize the importance of cleanliness of the body. Children are taught how to wash their hands before and after eating. What is this practice called?
    (a) Folkway
    (b) Laws
    (c) Mores
    (d) Social norm
    True Answer : Social norm
  120. Dr. Aboagye, the school physician conducted a physical examination in Ms. Felicia’s class. What concept best describes the quantitative increase observed by Dr. Aboagye among the pupils in terms of height and weight?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Growth
  121. Madam Agnes, now 69 years old has been observing changes in herself such as the aging process. Which term refers to the development change in her?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Maturation
  122. Which of the following theories can help Miss Enyonam determine the readiness of her learners by administering a readiness test?
    (a) Conditioning Theory
    (b) Cognitive Development Theory
    (c) Maturation Theory
    (d) Ethological Theory
    True Answer : Maturation Theory
  123. Manuel, a five-year old boy can hold his pen and write his name with his right hand. Which term describes Manuel’s behavior?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Development
  124. Opoku develops an integral and coherent sense of self. He seeks answers to the question: “Who am I”?. Which of the following is Opoku likely to develop?
    (a) Initiative
    (b) Identity and Role Confusion
    (c) Intimacy
    (d) Autonomy
    True Answer : Identity and Role Confusion
  125. A newborn infant move his whole body at once, instead of moving a part of it.
    Which of the following principles is illustrated by the behavior?
    (a) Development proceeds from specific togeneral
    (b) Development proceeds from general tospecific
    (c) Development follows an orderly pattern
    (d) Development follows a general patternTrue Answer : Development proceeds from general to specific
  126. Angela focuses her attention on the school work and vigorous play that consume most of her physical energy. Which stage of psycho-sexual theory illustrates her behavior?
    (a) Oral
    (b) Anal
    (c) Phallic
    (d) Latency
    True Answer : Latency
  127. Which of the following is likely to be developed if infants are shown genuine affection?
    (a) Trust
    (b) Autonomy
    (c) Initiative
    (d) Industry
    True Answer : Trust
  128. What concept can best describes Kofi’s ability to walk without a support at the age of 12 months because of the “internal ripening” that occurred in
    his muscles, bones and nervous system development?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Maturation
  129. Who presented the notion that certain behavior like thumb-sucking is normal among infants?
    (a) Sigmund Freud
    (b) Erick Ericson
    (c) John Bowlly
    (d) Urie Bronfrenbenner
    True Answer : Sigmund Freud
  130. Which state of the psycho-sexual theory does young boys experience rivalry with their father for their mother’s attention and affection?
    (a) Oral
    (b) Anal
    (c) Phallic
    (d) Latency
    True Answer : Phallic
  131. What do you call the quantitative increase in terms of height and weight during physical examination of the students?
    (a) Development
    (b) Growth
    (c) Learning
    (d) Maturation
    True Answer : Growth
  132. Ms. Okai uses images and language to represent and understand her various lessons to preschool learners. What stage in the cognitive theory of development explains this?
    (a) Sensorimotor
    (b) Preoperational
    (c) Concrete operational
    (d) Formal operational
    True Answer : Preoperational
  133. What level has a four year old learner like Doris reached when she acquired new skills such as putting the same shapes and the same colors together?
    (a) Development
    (b) Maturation
    (c) Zone of Proximal Development
    (d) Learning
    True Answer : Zone of Proximal Development
  134. Which of the following is the correct order of psycho-sexual stages proposed by Sigmund Freud?
    (a) Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
    (b) Anal, oral, phallic, latency, genital (c) Oral, anal, genital, latency, phallic
    (d) Anal, oral, genital, latency. phallic
    True Answer : Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
  135. Ama believes that authority is respected. She is now in what particular level in moral development theory of Lawrence Kholberg?
    (a) Social contract
    (b) Law and order orientation
    (c) Interpersonal concordance
    (d) Universal ethics orientation
    True Answer : Social contract
  136. In Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, which of the following statements would illustrate Edward who is 11 years old?
    (a) Able to see relationships and to reason inthe abstract
    (b) Unable to breakdown a whole into separateparts
    (c) Differentiates goals and goal-directedactivities
    (d) Experiments with methods to reach goals
    True Answer : Able to see relationships and to reason in the abstract
  137. Teresa gets jealous whenever she sees her father showing love and affection to her mother. Which of the following is she showing according to Freud?
    (a) Complex
    (b) Phallic
    (c) Electra Complex
    (d) Oedipus Complex
    True Answer : Electra Complex
  138. Mrs. Gomez conducts research on the psycho-social domain of development. In what particular area of the child’s development is Mrs.
    Gomez most likely to be interested with?
    (a) Perceptual abilities
    (b) Brain-wave patterns
    (c) Emotions
    (d) Use of language
    True Answer : Emotions
  139. Connie develops concepts necessary for everyday living, builds healthy attitudes towards oneself, and achieve personal independence. These are among the attributes of an individual in what particular stage?
    (a) Infancy and early childhood
    (b) Middle childhood
    (c) Adolescence
    (d) Early adulthood
    True Answer : Middle childhood
  140. Hyperactivity are considered problematic. How may a teacher help a child who is hyperactive?
    (a) Make him the leader of the class
    (b) Transfer him to another class
    (c) Give him challenging activies that areappropriate to his ability level
    (d) Allow him to spend longer at the playground
    True Answer : Give him challenging activies that are appropriate to his ability level
  141. Ms. Erika in her Biology class accompanies her discussion with interesting visual aids. She strongly believes that students learn better when lessons are presented with images, real or imagined aside from mere lecture method.
    Which learning theory does she upholds?
    (a) Dual-Coding Theory
    (b) Information Processing Theory
    (c) Meaningful Reception Learning Theory

Social Cognitive Theory
True Answer : Dual-Coding Theory

  1. Which of the following best describes what meaningful learning is?
    (a) When what is to be learned is new and easyfor the students
    (b) Materials presented are difficult andchallenging to the students
    (c) When the materials to be learned is relatedto what students already know
    (d) Students find the lessons easy and relevant to what was assigned to them
    True Answer : When the materials to be learned is related to what students already know
  2. A music teacher is careful in planning activities for each lesson. He praises liberally and rewards correct answers.
    What view of learning is exhibited?
    (a) Classical conditioning
    (b) Meaningful learning
    (c) Operant conditioning
    (d) Social learning
    True Answer : Operant conditioning
  3. An Earth Science teacher has just completed a unit on the sun. As she recognizes her next unit on other stars, she uses the sun as a frame of reference. What view of learning was used?
    (a) Discovery learning
    (b) Informative learning
    (c) Meaningful learning
    (d) Transfer learning
    True Answer : Meaningful learning
  4. Rita easily remember dates and events in history. What component of long term memory (LTM) does Rita have?
    (a) Creative thinking
    (b) Critical thinking
    (c) Reflective thinking
    Logical thinking
    True Answer : Reflective thinking
  5. Mr. Oti, a physical education teacher, demonstrates the new skill to be learned so that his students can watch him and later reproduce the skill. What learning theory is associated with the situation?
    (a) Dual-Coding Learning Theory
    (b) Information Processing Theory
    (c) Schema Learning Theory
    (d) Social Learning
    True Answer : Social Learning
  6. Patricia is always fearful of freely roaming dogs but does not mind dogs in a pen or on a leash. What feature of classical conditioning is exhibited?
    (a) Discrimination (b) Extinction
    (c) Generalization

Practice
True Answer : Discrimination

2021 essential skills Questions

  1. Miss Rita is an excellent Physical Education teacher. She started teaching volleyball to her Grade 2 class. Despite all her efforts, her class does not seem to learn how to play the game.
    What law of learning was disregarded?
    (a) Law of Disuse
    (b) Law of Effect
    (c) Law of Exercis
    (d) Law of Readiness
    True Answer : Law of Readiness
  2. Which is an application of cognitive approach to motivation?
    (a) Explain the reasons for studying the topic
    (b) Create a supportive classroom climate for students
    (c) Provide clear and prompt feedback onassignments
    Begin lessons with challenging questionsand conflicting events
    True Answer : Explain the reasons for studying the topic
  3. Which of the theories of learning presents or states that learning skills are hierarchically arranged?
    (a) Cumulative Learning
    (b) Meaningful Learning
    (c) Social Cognitive Learning
    (d) Theory of Instruction
    True Answer : Cumulative Learning

2021 essential skills Questions

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