University of Ghana grading system

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University of Ghana grading system

University of Ghana Legon grading system, What you should note is that every letter grade is assigned to a grade point that is equivalent to it. What are the grade points for each of your completed registered courses? Well, those grade points are computed to earn you the credit numbers for that course. Once you know the grade points and the total credits for all the courses that you have completed, you will definitely be able to calculate the Cumulative Grade Point Average.

What you do is to divide your obtained total grade points by the total number of all of your completed registered courses to get the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). What about the FGPA? The Final Grade Point Average is the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of all the courses that you will complete at the very end of the academic program. Below is the University of Ghana new grading system with their letter grade, marks, grade point, as well as the interpretation.

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CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREEUniversity of Ghana grading system


All end-of-semester examination results from Level 100, including University and School required courses, shall be taken into account in the computation of the Final Grade Point Averages (FGPA) for the classification of the Bachelor’s degree.
The GPAs from Levels 100 to 400 shall be weighted as follows: 1:1:2:2
In the determination of the FGPA, a weighted average of all repeat courses shall be used.


The full scheme of classification shall read as follows:


Class of Degree                            Range of Final Grade Point Average (FGPA)

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First Class                                               3.60-4.00
Second Class (Upper Division)             3.00-3.59
Second Class (Lower Division)             2.00-2.99
Third Class                                              1.50-1.99
Pass                                                          1.00-1.49
Fail                                                            0.00-0.99

University of Ghana Grading System
GRADING SYSTEM
Student performance in a course shall be graded as follows:
Letter Grade Marks Grade Point Interpretation
A 80 – 100 4.0 Outstanding
B+ 75 – 79 3.5 Very Good
B 70 – 74 3.0 Good
C+ 65 – 69 2.5 Fairly Good
C 60 – 64 2.0 Average
D+ 55 – 59 1.5 Below Average
D 50 – 54 1.0 Marginal Pass
E 45-49 0.5 Unsatisfactory
F 0 – 44 0 Fail
Note: *Although this is a failure grade, it may still be accepted as fulfilling prerequisite for other courses.
Other Grades
Grade Interpretation Grade Point
X Fail 0
Z Disqualification 0
I Incomplete 0
Y Continuing 0
AUDI Audit 0
Grade Point (GP): Each Grade is assigned an equivalent grade point as indicated above. The number of (grade) points earned by a student, for each course completed, is computed as the product of the number of credits for the course and the grade point equivalent letter of the grade obtained in that course.
Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): The student’s cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points obtained, up to any specified time, by the total number for credits of all courses for which the student has registered up to that time.
Final Grade Point Average (FGPA): The FGPA is the CGPA for all courses under consideration calculated up to the end of a student’s academic programme.

DEFINITION OF GRADES-University of Ghana grading system


21.1 Pass Grades: Grades A to D constitute Pass grades.
21.2 Failure Grades: Grades E, F, X, Z constitute Failure grades.
21.3 Continuing: A grade Y (for Continuing) shall be awarded at the end of a semester to any student who is taking a course which continues into the next semester.
21.4 Audit: A grade AUDI shall be awarded for attendance at lectures where no examination is taken, or where an examination is taken, but no mark can be returned, for good reasons. The Grade AUDI is not taken into account in the calculation of the FGPA.
21.5 Non-Completion of Course:
i. A grade I (for Incomplete) shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as satisfactory. Such a student shall be expected to complete the course the very next time the course is available.
ii. A grade X shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as unsatisfactory.
21.6 Disqualification:
i. A grade Z denotes Disqualification from an examination as a result of an examination malpractice or offence, and shall be awarded whenever it is established that a candidate had attempted to gain an unfair advantage in an examination, be it in a Principal subject or an Ancillary or any other paper.
ii. A candidate awarded a grade Z may be debarred from taking a University Examination for a stated period, or indefinitely, or may be expelled from the University altogether.
iii. A grade Z may be awarded only by the Board of Examiners.

CONFIRMATION OF AWARD OF DEGREE


A list of candidates who are deemed eligible as in Sections 30, 31 and 32 shall be laid before the Academic Board for approval. No award shall be confirmed unless the Academic Board is satisfied that the candidate has met all the conditions for the award of a degree.


PRESENTATION OF AWARD


Following confirmation of an award of a degree as in Section 32, the candidate shall be entitled to be awarded the appropriate Bachelor’s degree under the seal of the University at a Congregation of the University assembled for that purpose. The degree shall indicate the principal subject or subjects offered and the class awarded.


University of Ghana Grading System-summary

GRADING SYSTEM
Student performance in a course shall be graded as follows:
Letter Grade                   Marks                      Grade Point                Interpretation
A                                      80 – 100                         4.0                             Outstanding
B+                                    75 – 79                           3.5                             Very Good
B                                       70 – 74                          3.0                             Good
C+                                     65 – 69                          2.5                             Fairly Good
C                                       60 – 64                          2.0                             Average
D+                                     55 – 59                          1.5                             Below Average
D                                        50 – 54                         1.0                             Marginal Pass
E                                         45-49                           0.5                             Unsatisfactory
F                                         0 – 44                            0                                Fail
Note: *Although this is a failure grade, it may still be accepted as fulfilling prerequisite for other courses.

Other Grades
Grade                            Interpretation                            Grade Point
X                                     Fail                                                      0
Z                                     Disqualification                                 0
I                                      Incomplete                                         0
Y                                     Continuing                                         0
AUDI                              Audit                                                   0

Grade Point (GP): Each Grade is assigned an equivalent grade point as indicated above. The number of (grade) points earned by a student, for each course completed, is computed as the product of the number of credits for the course and the grade point equivalent letter of the grade obtained in that course.
Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): The student’s cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points obtained, up to any specified time, by the total number for credits of all courses for which the student has registered up to that time.
Final Grade Point Average (FGPA): The FGPA is the CGPA for all courses under consideration calculated up to the end of a student’s academic programme.

DEFINITION OF GRADES


21.1 Pass Grades: Grades A to D constitute Pass grades.
21.2 Failure Grades: Grades E, F, X, Z constitute Failure grades.
21.3 Continuing: A grade Y (for Continuing) shall be awarded at the end of a semester to any student who is taking a course which continues into the next semester.

21.4 Audit: A grade AUDI shall be awarded for attendance at lectures where no examination is taken, or where an examination is taken, but no mark can be returned, for good reasons. The Grade AUDI is not taken into account in the calculation of the FGPA.

University of Ghana grading system


21.5 Non-Completion of Course:
i. A grade I (for Incomplete) shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as satisfactory. Such a student shall be expected to complete the course the very next time the course is available.
ii. A grade X shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as unsatisfactory.


21.6 Disqualification:
i. A grade Z denotes Disqualification from an examination as a result of an examination malpractice or offence, and shall be awarded whenever it is established that a candidate had attempted to gain an unfair advantage in an examination, be it in a Principal subject or an Ancillary or any other paper.
ii. A candidate awarded a grade Z may be debarred from taking a University Examination for a stated period, or indefinitely, or may be expelled from the University altogether.
iii. A grade Z may be awarded only by the Board of Examiners.

1. Pass and failure grades What you need to know is the pass, the failure and the continuing grades. The pass grades are A to D and the failure grades are E, F, X, and Z. For continuing, you will be awarded letter grade Y as far as your course will continue to the next semester.

2. Audit What does it mean when you are awarded Audit comment? Well, ‘Audit’ comment is for students with letter grade AUDI. The university awards it to students who took lectures where no marks are awarded whether an examination is taken or not taken for a good reason. You should not that you cannot include it in your Final Grade Point Average (FGPA) calculation.

3. Course non-completion If you don’t complete your course, then you will get grade I. Keep in mind also that there must be a good reason that satisfies the Board of Examiners as to why you did not complete the course. The next time that course is available, you are supposed to complete it up. If you don’t give a satisfying reason as to why you did not complete your course, then you are given an X letter grade.

4. Disqualification If you are disqualified from doing an examination, then expect grade Z. The disqualification might be due to a student exam malpractice. Such practices are unacceptable in the institution because it portrays a student’s unpreparedness for an examination. If you are awarded a grade Z, then it can also mean that you were expelled for a specific period or maybe debarred from taking examinations in the institution. Note that the Board of Examiners in the school are the ones responsible for awarding such a grade to a student.

The Grading system in Ghana Legon University is calculated to get points that will determine each undergraduate student honors after the end of the academic program. Keep in mind that the student honors are given after the Final Grade Point Average (FGPA) is calculated.

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